ESMAP’s Low Carbon Growth Studies Pilot Project (2007–09), the governments of six middle-income-countries—Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, and South Africa—assessed their development goals and priorities for GHG mitigation. The studies considered the additional costs and benefits of lower carbon growth and how to finance such measures. There is no single approach to the Low Carbon Growth Country Studies. Each study is determined by the country—government and local stakeholders—and tailored to the country’s economic circumstances. ESMAP supports these efforts through policy response, technical assistance, knowledge transfer, and funding to support modeling of carbon pathways.