The Climate Change Open Data Platform serves as a one stop shop for data and content on climate change-, energy-, and environment-related topics.
The International Guidebook of Environmental Finance Tools provides guidance on developing and implementing the most commonly used, widely applicable, and potentially high-impact environmental finance tools. It aims to define and analyse the primary tools that are already in use and that can be applied globally to advance sustainable development. The tools explored in the Guidebook have been successfully applied to protect the environment and promote pro-poor and predominantly rural development.
Building upon the UNFCCC's global, top down analysis of the costs of climate change, UNDP commissioned a User Guidebook to support developing countries to undertake a bottom-up, national sectoral analyses of the costs of adapting to the impacts of climate change and mitigating GHG emissions. The User Guidebook, which was developed by UNDP with a group of international experts and regional centres of excellence, comprises:
The guide book offers a quick screen methodology to identify NAMA opportunities with potential for climate financing, and a deep screen methodology to analyze and determine the most appropriate development options to meet country-specific needs. And the process has been tailored to produce NAMA Concepts and Proposals that align with the requirements of the UNFCCC NAMA registry that will open this year. The guide walks policy makers through all the steps needed to successfully develop NAMAs and demonstrate preparedness to access available funding.
In this paper BNEF presents an alternative negotiating process based on the concept of “emissions intensity” in which emission targets are related to economic activity, rather than the current paradigm of absolute emission reductions for developed countries and little obligation on developing countries. Expressed in this way, targets can be agreed for all countries, not just developed countries. They would also be more flexible and give governments more control over achieving the targets.
China has embarked on one of the largest endeavours in climate economics ever, to establish a national carbon emission trading system by 2015. As a first step, carbon-trading pilots have been initiated in seven provinces and cities. The success or failure of those experiments will to a large extent determine the future of climate policies in China.
The report highlights that governments need to strategically target their public finance to attract private capital into green investment through measures such as guarantees, insurance products and incentives, combined with the right policy support. It includes examples where governments and public financing agencies have successfully mobilized significant amounts of private investment for clean energy, water and agricultural investment. It concludes with a series of recommendations for investors and governments to scale up these successes to close the green investment gap.
The report entitled Economics of forest and forest carbon projects: Translating lessons learned into national REDD+ implementation draws lessons on finance options and barriers related to project activities from the forest sector. It investigates the economics of implementing forest and REDD+ projects through a number of case studies from Africa, Latin America and Asia, by analyzing real forest and REDD+ investments. The report was funded by the UN-REDD Programme.
This paper aims to enrich knowledge sharing about the establishment and management of national climate funds (NCFs), which is organized by the Asia-Pacific Community of Practice on Climate Finance. It reports the lessons learned extracted from the establishment and management of the Lao Environmental Protection Fund (EPF), which is one of seven national funds across the Asia-Pacific region selected as a case study.