The paper proposes a set of feasibility criteria to assist decision makers to make an informed decision and assess whether an NCF is a feasible option for a country. It also presents important design and management features of NCFs.
The Global Landscape of Climate Finance 2012 identifies global climate finance flows of USD 364 billion in 2011. The private sector provided the majority of finance, mostly from developed countries. The public sector acted as a catalyst for private investment by providing incentives and concessional loans, as well as bilateral aid to developing countries. Public and private intermediaries, especially national development banks and commercial banks, played an important role in channeling as well as raising climate finance.
This publication surveys the green growth landscape and makes the argument that greening growth is necessary, efficient, and affordable. It is critical to achieving sustainable development and mostly amounts to good growth policies. Obstacles to greening growth are political and behavioral inertia and a lack of financing instruments—not the cost of green policies as commonly thought. Green growth should focus on what needs to be done in the next five to 10 years to avoid getting locked into unsustainable paths and to generate immediate, local benefits.
This series of short, introductory briefing on various aspects of climate finance are designed for readers new to the debate on global climate change financing. In light of the fast pace of developments in climate finance, the briefs allow the reader to gain a better understanding of the quantity and quality of financial flows going to developing countries.
This paper provides an overview of the concept of direct access to funding for climate change actions in developing countries. It focuses on the institutional arrangements that are necessary to facilitate and support direct access and is intended to inform the current and future discussions on direct access modalities, including within the design process for the Green Climate Fund (GCF). The paper begins by looking at what the term ‘direct access’ implies, what it is seeking to achieve, and how it has been defined to-date.
The Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) has been developing the Marginal Abatement Cost (MAC) curve for Non-Annex I countries since 1999. The curve results from compiled data of bottom-up country based studies at regional sectoral level and presents greenhouse gas (GHG) abatement opportunities by 2020. MAC curves describe the expected marginal cost and GHG abatement potential of several mitigation options.
This paper (PDF) presents an overview of existing practices by summarizing the findings from an extensive survey of various institutions, drawing on the lessons learned from development finance, the public and private activities of international financial institutions and experience with market-based instruments. The paper mainly focuses on mitigation, and it seeks to discern lessons for policymakers by addressing two key questions: What makes climate finance effective? and what tools, methods or systems might improve the effectiveness of climate finance?
This web-based programme allows technical and non-technical users alike to visualise the effects of climate change. Users can view historic temperature and rainfall maps overlaid with predictions of temperature and rainfall based on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report. Users can review three greenhouse gas emission scenarios laid out by the IPCC with additional data layers from which more detailed forecasts can be drawn. ClimateWizard was developed by the Nature Conservancy and the Universities of Washington and Southern Mississippi.