The Institutional Architecture for Financing a Global Climate Deal: An Options Paper

The first section clarifies the financial needs and challenges that the global community must address to achieve emissions reductions and support adaptation measures.  This section also includes succinct definitions of key terms used in describing the institutional architecture.  The second section summarizes the principal elements of the two predominant architectural proposals: the first is the contributing or developed country proposal and the second is the developing or recipient country proposal. Those two proposals represent polarized options at the time of this writing.

Old, New and Future Funding for Environment and Climate Change: The Role of Development Cooperation

The report gives an overview of environment and climate change financing. It discusses the roles of public and private sector, the role of financial markets and the management, allocation and delivery of finance. Furthermore, it also discusses the role of development cooperation in relation to climate change and other environmental financing. Finally, it presents recommendations for Swedish development cooperation.

Bilateral Finance Institutions and Climate Change: A Mapping of Climate Portfolios

The working paper is of  high relevance to negotiators in the context of climate change finance under the UNFCCC and to countries seeking financing for their low-carbon growth and adaptation strategies. It also informs the debate of "new and additional" and the future role of bilateral financing institutions under UNFCCC article 11.5.

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in India: Financial mechanisms and opportunities for EU-India collaboration

Successful EU and India collaboration will necessarily be focused in areas of common interest. While a primary aim of the EU is to catalyse large GHG emission reductions, India’s key interests are in supporting economic development and enhancing technology transfer. Areas of collaboration must therefore lie at the intersection of these objectives. This report recommends several specific areas that could prove productive sites for collaboration between the parties.

UNIDO Investment and Technology Promotion Offices (ITPO)

UNIDO’s Network of 13 Investment and Technology Promotion Offices (ITPO) provides a unique combination of value-added services to entrepreneurs and institutions seeking international alliances in industrial investment and technology commercialization in and from developing countries and economies in transition.

UNIDO National Cleaner Production Centres (NCPCs)

UNIDO and UNEP launched in 1994 a joint programme to establish National Cleaner Production Centres/Programmes (NCPCs/NCPPs). This UNIDO-UNEP Programme currently covers activities in over 40 countries. The Programme supports UNIDO’s mandate to foster sustainable industrial development and is thereby a building block of its Green Industry initiative. The Programme also supports UNEP’s mandate to foster Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) and is thereby a building block of its Green Economy initiative.


COMFAR III, UNIDO's multilingual software for project analysis, facilitates the financial and economic appraisal of investment projects. It simulates the short- and long-term financial situation of investment projects, from new investments to rehabilitation, expansion, privatization and joint-venture projects. The tool can be applied for industrial and non-industrial projects of any size from small and medium up to large-scale and provides support for the analysis of CDM/JI projects.

Tools to Estimate Greenhouse Gas Emission Reductions in the Waste Sector

The World Bank Carbon Finance Unit has developed simplified tools to help calculate carbon credits generated by Manure Management projects, Wastewater Treatment projects, Solid Waste Management projects and Landfill Gas Capture Projects.
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