The first section clarifies the financial needs and challenges that the global community must address to achieve emissions reductions and support adaptation measures. This section also includes succinct definitions of key terms used in describing the institutional architecture. The second section summarizes the principal elements of the two predominant architectural proposals: the first is the contributing or developed country proposal and the second is the developing or recipient country proposal. Those two proposals represent polarized options at the time of this writing.
The report gives an overview of environment and climate change financing. It discusses the roles of public and private sector, the role of financial markets and the management, allocation and delivery of finance. Furthermore, it also discusses the role of development cooperation in relation to climate change and other environmental financing. Finally, it presents recommendations for Swedish development cooperation.
The working paper is of high relevance to negotiators in the context of climate change finance under the UNFCCC and to countries seeking financing for their low-carbon growth and adaptation strategies. It also informs the debate of "new and additional" and the future role of bilateral financing institutions under UNFCCC article 11.5.
Successful EU and India collaboration will necessarily be focused in areas of common interest. While a primary aim of the EU is to catalyse large GHG emission reductions, India’s key interests are in supporting economic development and enhancing technology transfer. Areas of collaboration must therefore lie at the intersection of these objectives. This report recommends several specific areas that could prove productive sites for collaboration between the parties.
UNIDO’s Network of 13 Investment and Technology Promotion Offices (ITPO) provides a unique combination of value-added services to entrepreneurs and institutions seeking international alliances in industrial investment and technology commercialization in and from developing countries and economies in transition.
UNIDO and UNEP launched in 1994 a joint programme to establish National Cleaner Production Centres/Programmes (NCPCs/NCPPs). This UNIDO-UNEP Programme currently covers activities in over 40 countries. The Programme supports UNIDO’s mandate to foster sustainable industrial development and is thereby a building block of its Green Industry initiative. The Programme also supports UNEP’s mandate to foster Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) and is thereby a building block of its Green Economy initiative.