The Climate Change Open Data Platform serves as a one stop shop for data and content on climate change-, energy-, and environment-related topics.
This paper is backgrounder for the ongoing and further work on the question of how to finance a NAMA. It aims to identify in the context of technical assistance what has to be considered when planning and implementing a NAMA and mobilizing the financing of that individual NAMA.
Building upon the UNFCCC's global, top down analysis of the costs of climate change, UNDP commissioned a User Guidebook to support developing countries to undertake a bottom-up, national sectoral analyses of the costs of adapting to the impacts of climate change and mitigating GHG emissions. The User Guidebook, which was developed by UNDP with a group of international experts and regional centres of excellence, comprises:
The guide book offers a quick screen methodology to identify NAMA opportunities with potential for climate financing, and a deep screen methodology to analyze and determine the most appropriate development options to meet country-specific needs. And the process has been tailored to produce NAMA Concepts and Proposals that align with the requirements of the UNFCCC NAMA registry that will open this year. The guide walks policy makers through all the steps needed to successfully develop NAMAs and demonstrate preparedness to access available funding.
China has embarked on one of the largest endeavours in climate economics ever, to establish a national carbon emission trading system by 2015. As a first step, carbon-trading pilots have been initiated in seven provinces and cities. The success or failure of those experiments will to a large extent determine the future of climate policies in China.
The Global Protocol for Community-Scale GHG Emissions (GPC) resolves the differences between existing protocols. It is a joint mission between all interested stakeholders to develop an open, global protocol for community-scale accounting and reporting. Tis Protocol provides requirements and guidance for cities on preparing and publicly reporting a GHG emission inventory. The primary goal is to provide a standardized step-by-step approach to help cities quantify their GHG emissions in order to manage and reduce their GHG impacts.
The report highlights that governments need to strategically target their public finance to attract private capital into green investment through measures such as guarantees, insurance products and incentives, combined with the right policy support. It includes examples where governments and public financing agencies have successfully mobilized significant amounts of private investment for clean energy, water and agricultural investment. It concludes with a series of recommendations for investors and governments to scale up these successes to close the green investment gap.